Answered By: Helen DeBalzo Green
Last Updated: Apr 20, 2017     Views: 37015

It is preferable to cite the full text of a work, but abstracts can be used as sources and included in the reference list IF you indicate as such in the citation. How to cite first depends upon which citation style you are using.  Most courses at LCCC require either MLA style or APA style. 

For APA style, here is an example citation from the 6th ed of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, p. 202 (Note: your citation should follow hanging indent formatting):

Hare, L.R., & O'Neill, K. (2000). Effectiveness and efficiency in small academic peer groups. Small Group Research, 31, 24-53. Abstract retrieved from Sociological Abstracts database. (Accession No. 200010185).

For MLA style

There is no specific example of citing an abstract in the MLA8 handbook. There is now one standard, universal format that researchers can use to create their citations. You will create a citation by following MLA's list of core elements which are assembled in a specific order. The MLA core elements are:

  1. Author.
  2. Title of Source.
  3. Title of Container,
  4. Other Contributors,
  5. Version,
  6. Number,
  7. Publisher,
  8. Publication Date,
  9. Location.

‚ÄčTemplate for the Work Cited Entry:

MLA 8 citation template



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